“Tourism and Jobs: A Better Future for All” is the official theme for World Tourism Day in 2019. In his official message, Roberto Azevêdo, the Secretary-General of UNWTO, referred to tourism as the leading source of employment around the world, driving the economies forward and supporting millions of jobs: “The true potential of tourism, both as a creator of jobs and as a driver of equality and sustainable development, is only just being realized. Providing decent work opportunities and contributing to developing professional skills are at the heart of this. Tourism is leading the way in providing workers with the skills and knowledge they need for the jobs of tomorrow.”
September 27 was appointed as the World Tourism Day by UNWTO (United Nations World Tourism Organization) since 1980. According to this organization, the purpose of this day is to raise awareness on the role of tourism at an international level and to investigate its social, cultural, political and economic impacts in the world. The World Tourism Day in 2018 which was held at Budapest, Hungary, focused on “Tourism and the Digital Transformation”, with regard to digital advancements and innovations supposed to bring about constant growth and greater sustainability in tourism.
The Guardian asserts that tourism has an increasingly important role in the global economy. After the Second World War, in 1950 the number of international tourist visits reached 25 million. In 1970 it was 166 million and in 1990 it reached 435 million. A record of 1.4 billion international tourist arrivals was registered in 2018, and according to WTO, the total worth was about 1.7 trillion dollars, making up 2% of total global GDP.
World Travel & Tourism Council (WTTC), in its annual analysis regarding the global economic and employment impact of travel and tourism in 185 countries concluded that this sector has accounted for 10.4% of global GDP and 319 million jobs, in other words, 10% of total employment in 2018. As stated by President & CEO Gloria Guevara Manzo, the President, and CEO of WTTC, travel, and tourism, which already support ten percent of jobs on the planet, and has accounted for one in five of all jobs created across the world over the past five years, is a dynamic engine of employment opportunities”
As documented in WTTC’s annual report TRAVEL & TOURISM ECONOMIC IMPACT 2019 WORLD, Travel & Tourism had generated 122,891,000 jobs directly in 2018 (3.8% of total employment) and this is forecast to grow by 2.2% in 2019 to 125,595,000 (3.9% of total employment). It includes employment in hotels, travel agencies, airlines and various passenger transportation services. Moreover, the activities of the restaurants and leisure industries are directly supported by tourists. According to WTTC’s report, there will be an increase of 2.1% percent over the next ten years, and yy 2029, Travel & Tourism will directly account for 154,060,000 jobs.
Source: World Travel and Tourism Council: Travel & Tourism Economic Impact 2019 – March 2019. All rights reserved.”
Source: World Travel and Tourism Council: Travel & Tourism Economic Impact 2019 – March 2019. All rights reserved.
An average of 3% annual growth until 2030 is expected by UNWTO until 2030, and in this year’s meeting, held in Delhi, India, the members will investigate this perspective, with regard to the growing issues of climate change and over-tourism.